Aruba is an island located in the Southern part of the Caribbean archipelago, at 32 kilometers off the coast of Venezuela. It is one of the four countries in the Kingdom of the Netherlands; the other countries being the Netherlands, Curaçao and Bonaire.
The capital city is Oranjestad or Playa. Aruba is a popular tourist destination because of its fauna and flora diversity, which is due to the nice sunny weather. Besides, the island is located outside the hurricane belt in the Caribbean.
Aruba has the highest standard of living in the Caribbean. As a result, the unemployment rate in Aruba is quite low. Aruba is famous for its Natural Bridge, its caves, Lourdes Grotto, and other fascinating places. Besides, the island is endowed with many beautiful beaches. Aruba is famous for its friendly people.
Aruba is an island of cultural diversity. It is an island of immigrants. In fact, there are approximately 5,000 illegal immigrants in Aruba. Men and women have an estimated life expectancy of around 75 years old. The Aruban mother language is Papiamento, a creole language of African and Portuguese origins, and a Spanish influence.
The official language is Dutch. It is the language used in business and tourism. However, there is a second official language, which is Spanish. As a result, most residents in Aruba speak many languages, which are Dutch, Spanish, and Papiamento.
Aruban ethnic background
- The island of Aruba was once home to the pre-ceramic Indians. Then, in around 850 B.C., Arawak immigrants from western Venezuela settled in the island as farmers and pottery makers. In the late 1940s, the Spanish invaded the island in quest of precious metals. However, they were disappointed at the lack of precious metals in Aruba, Curaçao and Bonaire; which made the three islands “useless”. Later on, the population was deported to Hispaniola as slave workers. They did hard work in the mines.
- Juan de Amples unsuccessfully tried to colonize Aruban islanders. Then, in 1636 the Dutch India Company or WIC colonized and took possession of the island and the other islands. Indians from the Netherlands still immigrated to Aruba until the late-1630s. When slavery was abolished in 1863, some Aruban slaves returned to their island.
Main occupation of the Arubans
In the 19th century, the majority of Arubans were farmers. They bred cattle and planted trees. They lived on fishing and small-scale agriculture. Aruban elites were large-scale farmers and salespeople. They took up illegal trade with South America. Aruban people are friendly. Most of them live on farming and fishing nowadays.
Meet the Aruba people
Due to their mixed origins, the Aruban people have a rich cultural heritage. There are Arawak Indians, Spanish, Dutch, Africans and Portuguese. Mixed marriages resulted in mixed physical appearance of the Aruban population.
If you want to go to Aruba and meet its people, organize your trip online through eDreams. Book earlier because Aruba is a famous tourist destination. Go to the eDreams website and find the right flight for you. A wide range of hotel choice is also available online for booking.